Developing in a distinctly different manner than North America, Buenos Aires growth over the years has caused it to resemble their European predecessors much more closely. As such, the architecture and monuments of the Argentinian capital have much of the charm one would expect back in the Old World, rather than the many cities in the North that have bulldozed their past and continually embrace the present and future.
For a lover of history, this is excellent news, as this starkly different philosophy towards its urban composure has left Buenos Aires with a wealth of beautiful historical sites. Of the many that are available, we have highlighted what we believe to be the big three. If you are stuck for where to start in this overwhelming metropolis, start with these suggestions as listed below…
1) Casa Rosada
Named for its pinkish façade, this palace was the place where Eva Peron addressed the people of Buenos Aires and Argentina when her health was failing due to cancer in the early 1950’s. Being the spiritual leader of the nation at the time, she was and continues to be a beloved figure in this country. Today, the former palace serves as the location for the executive branch of the government, and it houses a museum in the lower floors of the building with artifacts relating to Argentina’s history.
2) Catedral Metropolitana
Built in the neoclassical style of architecture in the mid-18th century, Cathedral Metropolitana is the most prominent Catholic Church in Buenos Aires, and it has been at the centre of religious life in this city since its construction. Admire the mind-numbingly detailed frescoes, arches, statues, and artwork in its interior, while other points of interest on the church grounds include a mausoleum for General San Martin (who successfully organized and fought for independence from the Spanish Empire), the tomb of the Unknown Soldier, and an eternal flame of remembrance.
3) Nuestra Senora de Loreto
Founded by Jesuit missionaries looking to bring the word of God to the indigenous peoples of what would become Argentina, Nuestra Senora de Loreto was a place where many of them had their first point of contact with foreigners. Many of these missions were subject to attack by soulless slave traders looking to capture these natives for the purposes of human trafficking and slavery, and eventually, Nuestra got attacked and levelled to the ground. Today, only ruins remain of this impressive outpost of cultural exchange, but with UNESCO backing, the hopes are that this site will be restored to its former glory in the years ahead.
Being one of the major centres of Spanish colonization in centuries past, Argentina has many sites of historical significance, and with Buenos Aires being the capital, there is an understandably higher concentration of noteworthy sites here. Give yourself the better part of a week to experience it, and you’ll come away with a much better understanding of the culture that exists here today.